active and passive
المبني للمعلوم والمبني للمجهول
لتحويل الجملة منactive إلى passive نتبع الخطوات التالية
( الفاعل +by ) + p.p + في زمن الجملة to be المفعول
الجدول التالي يوضح تركيب الأفعال في صيغة المبنى للمجهول
Passive
Active
am , is are + p.p
المضارع البسيط
was , were + p.p
الماضي البسيط
have , has + been + p.p
المضارع التام
had + been + p.p
الماضي التام
will have been + p.p
المستقبل التام
am , is , are + being + p.p.
المضارع المستمر
was , were + p.p
الماضي المستمر
will + be + being
المستقبل البسيط
may , can , must , + be + p.p
MR . Hesham$


have to , had to + be +p.p
الأفعال الناقصة
will,may, shall, must
Ex.
1- Some body cleans my office every day. - My office is cleaned everyday.
2- Ali presented a car to his son. - A car was presented to Ali’s son.
3- Someone is repairing my car. - My car is being repaired.
4- Someone was watching him. - He was being watched.
5- Some one has stolen his car. - His car has been stolen.
6- He has been repairing the car. - The car has been repaired.
7- She had cooked lunch. - Lunch had been cooked.
8- He had been painting the drawing. - The drawing had been painted.
9- Someone will meet you at the station. - You will be met at the station.
10- He can sell the car if you agree. -The car can be sold if you agree.

áهناك أفعال مساعده أخرى مثل :
Active
Passive

Has to, have to, had to, would
Ought to, going to, be going to + المصدر

الفعل الناقص + be + p.p


1-Someone must show her what to do.
She must be shown what to do next.
2- They are going to draw a new plan.
A new plan is going to be drawn.
áإذا وجد في الجملة فعل مساعد يتبعه ( have + p.p ) اتبع الآتي:
Will have
Must have
Can’t have
+ مفعول May have + been + p.p
Might have
Should have
Ought to have
Ex.
1-They will have done the homework by 7.30 tonight.
-The homework will have done by 7.30 tonight
2- He can’t have known the truth
-The truth can’t have been known.
ملاحــظــات :-
1- إذا كانت الجملة منفية بـ “ t’doesn “ أو “t’didn " احذفها واستخدم :-
“am , is , are + not + p.p "
2- إذا كانت الجملة منفية ب “t’didn “احذفها واستخدم :-
“ was , were + not + p.p

Ex :-
Active :- The boy doesn’t drink the milk .
Passive :- The milk isn’t drunk .
Active :- They didn't write the lesson .
Passive :- The lesson wasn’t written .
عند تحويل السؤال إلى ( passive) :-
1-يحول السؤال إلى جملة خبرية ويحذف علامة الاستفهام .
2-تحول الجملة الخبرية إلى المبنى للمجهول .
3-توضع الجملة بعد تحويلها إلى صيغة الاستفهام
Ex :-
1- Do people speak English ?
Is English spoken?
2- Did he buy a car ?
Was a car bought ?
3- Can he answer the question ?
Can The question be answered ?
4- Where did they hide the treasure ?
Where was the treasure hidden ?
ملاحظات :-

* إذا بدأ السؤال بـ ( who ) تحول إلى ( by whom )

Ex:-

¶ Who killed the dog ?
By whom was the dog killed ?
+ p.p ? المفعول +في زمن الجملة + to be أداة الاستفهام *